Ovary – produces the hormones that promote the development of the female secondary sexual characteristics at puberty.
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Pituitary gland – storehouse for the hormones produced by the hypothalamus of the brain.
Testis – Produces the hormones that direct the production of the secondary male sex characteristics.
Adrenal glands – Produce steroid hormones and glucocorticoids and mineralocorticoids
Hypothalamus – Produces hormones and is considered a neuroendocrine organ.
Bones and muscles – Growth hormone-releasing hormone (GHRH)
Mammary glands – Prolactin-releasing hormone (PRH)
Testes or ovaries – Gonadotropin-releasing hormone (GnRH)
Thyroid – Thyrotropin-releasing hormone (TRH)
Adrenal cortex – Cortocotropin-releasing hormone (CRH)
Addison”s disease – hyposecretion of the adrenal cortex
Acromegaly – autoimmune problem involving the thyroid gland
Diabetes mellitus – hyposecretion of the pancreas
Pituitary dwarfism – hyposecretion of growth hormone
Graves disease – hypersecretion of growth hormone
Cushing”s disease – hypersecretion of adrenal cortex
Myxedema – hyposecretion of thyroid in adults
Acromegaly – hypersection of growth hormone
Cretinism – hyposecretion of thyroid in infants
Thyroid – produces the body”s major metabolic hormones
Adrenal medulla – gland that controls the fight-or-flight reaction
Hypophysis – the size and shape of a pea: produces hormones that stimulate other endocrine glands.
Parathyroid – produces a hormone that controls blood levels of calcium and potassium by their removal from bone tissue.
Pancreas – produces hormones that regulate glucose levels in the body.
Zona glomerulosa – produces aldosterone
Zona fasciculate – produces glucocorticoids, produces androgens, excess hormone levels result in Cushings syndrome.
Adrenal medulla – produces epinephrine, hormones mimic sympathetic nervous system neurotransmitters
Chemical substances secreted by cells into the extracellular fluids and that regulate the metabolic function of other cells in the body are called ________
production by the adrenal gland is insignificant compared with sex hormone release from the gonads during late puberty
Several hormones are synthesized in the hypothalamus and transported to the anterior pituitary gland. The mechanism of transportation from hypothalamus to anterior pituitary gland is through the _______
The neurohypophysis or posterior lobe of the pituitary gland is not a true endocrine gland because _____
Cells that respond to peptide hormones usually do so through a sequence of biochemical reactions involving receptor and kinase activation. In order for cells to respond , It is necessary for first and second messengers to communicate. This is possible because _____
When it becomes necessary to enlist the fight-or-flight response, a hormone that Is released during the alarm phase of the general adaption syndrome is ________
One of the least complicated of the endocrine control systems directly responds to changing blood levels of ions and nutrients. Which describes this mechanism?
The parathyroid glands maintain adequate levels of blood calcium. This is accomplished through _____
In circumstances where the body requires prolonged or increased levels of a hormone, the DNA of target cells will specify the synthesis of more receptors on the surface of the cells of the target organ. This is known as ______
A man was told that he is not synthesizing enough FSH, and for this reason he ay be unable to father a child. Explain this problem…
Thyroxine is a peptide hormone, but it”s mechanism is different from other peptide hormones. Why is this _____
As a result of stress, the adenohypophysis releases _____, which stimulates release of hormones from the adrenal cortex that retain sodium and water, increase blood sugar and begin breaking down fats.