A piece of unsaturated air is forced to rise. The lapse rate in the surrounding air is much less than the rate in change of temperature in the rising air. The rising air is said to be
Orographic precipitation stems from air flowing over high terrain, usually a mountain range, along which air is forced upward.
You are watching: The transfer of moisture from land to air is termed
The seasonal shifting of Earth”s wind and pressure belts is mirrored to a lesser extent in its precipitation patterns. Wet zones migrate to the ________ in May, June, and July.
Ice rings within a hailstone are evidence of its encounters with ________ within thunderstorm clouds.
Evaporation – moisture is evaporated from oceans,lakes and riversCondensation – water vapor is converted from gas to liquidPrecipitation – liquified moisture after forming on condensation nuclei falls back to earth in some form of precipitationWater returning to earth either runs off over land to bodies of water or seeps into the ground and groundwater.
What is orographic precipitation, how is it produced, and what role does it play in creating a rain shadow?
Orographic precipitation is precipitation caused by the orographic uplift of air that is forced to encounter and travel upslope of a topographic barrier (mountain). The air is cooled to the dew point as it ascends the barrier – once it reaches the top and begins to descend the other side of the barrier, the air warms and is relatively dry. This dry area on the leeward side of the barrier is referred to as the rain shadow.