In some organizations, for instance, politicking is overt and rampant, while in others, politics plays a small role in influencing outcomes.
Why is there this variation?
Recent research and observation have identified several factors that appear to encourage political behavior.
Some are individual characteristics, derived from the unique qualities of the people the organization employs; others are a result of the organization’s culture or internal environment.
Power and politics play a huge role in business, from governing how decisions are made to how employees interact with one another.
In businesses big and small, the impact of power depends on whether employees use positive or negative power to influence others in the workplace.
Politics may directly influence who has the power and determine whether the overall culture of the workplace encourages productivity.
Positive Types of Power
Positive power in an organization involves encouraging productivity.
This includes giving employees the power to make decisions, rewarding employees for strong performance and appointing employees who perform strongly to supervise other employees.
Positive power builds employee confidence and motivates.
Read more: Politics in Organizational Behavior
Creating, awareness within the organization can limit political behaviors.
Being aware of the causes and consequences will help organizational members resist temptations of resorting to political maneuvering.
Read more: Power: Definition, 10 Sources of Power, Uses of Power
Be a Good Role Model
It is well established that role models, high-level personnel, set the standards by which, lower-level employees operate. Political activities by managers make their subordinates indulge in similar behaviors.
Managers will find it difficult to constrain the political actions of their subordinates unless they set a clear example of hones and reasonable treatment of others in their behavior.
Watching Game Players
Watching game players and correcting them immediately is yet another way of minimizing the effect of political behavior.
If a subordinate is found indulging in any unethical political behavior, he or she must be confronted and be told that such an act would not be tolerated.
Winking at such an act is a sure way of encouraging the individual to repeat the political tricks.